Given the importance, Career and Education related Decision Making or vocational guidance has been a subject of research for more than a century and has since established a comprehensive system of theories and interventions. The research has progressed particularly significantly in USA and Frank Parson an engineer by education, but also a lawyer, teacher and social reformer is considered as the father of the vocational guidance. His work was published posthumously in 1911 as “Choosing a Vocation” and is known as the “trait and factor” theory or the “talent-matching approach”.

Career decision making research has made significant progress in the western world (particularly USA) and in limited way outside it.

However in the foreseeable future, the need for the same is becoming urgent in developing nations too. The driving factors are the significant rise of global workers who would be able to relocate easily across borders and making decisions based on global employment opportunities. This trend is also being augmented by platforms like oDesk & eLance which are connecting buyers of specialist skills to sellers of these skills, providing easy access to web designers, software programmers, salespeople, translators and administrators. The demo-graphical changes, rising income levels and maturing labor markets are other factors where career decision making on a global perspective is becoming important and thus internationalization a key research focus

Leung(2008) in their research on Internationalization of vocational guidance, identifies five significant theories of career development which have the potential to provide a global framework for career decision making and we leverage some of these in our decision framework.

Theory of Work-Adjustment
Holland’s Theory of Vocational Personalities in Work Environment
The Self-concept Theory of Career Development formulated by Super and Savickas
Gottfredson’s Theory of Circumscription and Compromise
Social Cognitive Career Theory


Leung, S. A. (2008). The big five career theories. In International handbook of career guidance (pp. 115-132). Springer Netherlands